Nigerian Transformation Through Girl Child Education

By: Shagba Ann


Education is said to be the process of teaching and learning. Not only does education benefits the community in which we live, Education contributes to the economic stability of any country or nation, by increasing its income. Research has show that no country has sustained consistent economic growth without a significant literacy rate.

In addition to economic stability education promotes national and international peace, as well as cultural tolerance and understanding. Education for empowerment has been a handy slogan for the government of Nigeria, the right of girl child to acquire education is very important because “today’s girl is a woman of tomorrow” ninety percent of female children in the word today do not have the privilege to go to school because of lack of opportunity parental care and liability to raise money.

The few who have the opportunity to be in school huddle separately within the classroom in co-educational schools. In some schools, they are denied the facilities to play or use the science laboratory which the boys have access to with the claim that girls are not good scientist. Many researchers have revealed that almost all girls complete their household task before going to school. This means that they arrive tired and after late. However, teachers scold and punish girls who arrive late or have low attendance.

There are several compelling benefits associated with educating a girl child which include the reduction of child and maternal mortality rate, enhancement of women domestic role and their political participation and protection of girls from HIV/AIDs, abuse and exploitation.

Girls education yields, same of the highest returns to development, investment, to both private and social benefits that accrue to individuals, families and the society at lager by

  • REDUCING WOMEN BIRTH RATE: Women with formal education are much likely to be family planning methods and have fewer and healthier babies than women with non-formal education
  • COLLECTING INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY RATE: women with formal education are much more likely to seek medical care, children’s nutritional requirement and adopt improved practices.
  • PROTECTION AGAINST HIV/AIDS INFECTION: Girls education rating among the most powerful tools for reducing vulnerability of girls. It slows down the spread of HIV/AIDS as it contributes to female economic independence conveying greater information about the diseases and how to prevent it.
  • INCREASING WOMEN LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES AND EARNING: Education of the female child has been proven to increase income for wage earners and increase productivity for employer yielding benefits for the community.


Shagba Ann writes from University of Abuja


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