The ultra-conservative Saudi Arabia may have launched a revolution in gender equality as it allowed its women to enter a football stadium for the first time to watch a match.
The new measure which started Friday comes after Riyadh announced it was lifting a ban prohibiting them from driving, as well as reopening cinemas.
Women supporters, all wearing the traditional black abaya robe, arrived well ahead of Friday’s kick-off in the Jeddah stadium, some in sunglasses and others with loose-fitting veils.
The kingdom has announced a series of reforms initiated by powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman since last year.
The first football match women are being allowed to attend is a clash between Saudi Premier League clubs Al-Ahli and Al-Batin in the Red Sea city of Jeddah.
Alone or accompanied by their families, many women sat in reserved seats in Jeddah’s Pearl stadium.
Glass panels were set up to separate men supporters from the women and family section of the stadium.
Saleh al-Ziadi brought his three daughters to the game.
“My daughters still don’t believe this is happening. They have not yet realised they will be cheering their favourite team inside the stadium,” he said.
Enthusiasm for the historic encounter began well before the scheduled 8:00 pm (1700 GMT) kick-off.
Lamya Khaled Nasser, a 32-year-old football fan from Jeddah, said she was proud and looking forward to the match.
“This event proves that we are heading for a prosperous future. I am very proud to be a witness of this massive change,” she told AFP.
Ruwayda Ali Qassem, another Jeddah resident, called Friday a “historic day in the kingdom which culminates (in) ongoing fundamental changes”.
“I am proud and extremely happy for this development and for the kingdom’s moves to catch up with civilised measures adopted by many countries,” she said.
The Saudi government said last week women would be allowed to attend a second match on Saturday and a third next Thursday.
The kingdom, which has some of the world’s tightest restrictions on women, has long barred them from sports arenas through strict rules that keep the sexes apart in public.
But in September, hundreds of women were allowed to enter a sports stadium in the capital Riyadh, used mostly for football matches, for the first time to attend celebrations marking the country’s national day.
The easing of social controls comes as Prince Mohammed looks to repackage the oil-rich nation as more moderate and welcoming.
The powerful crown prince’s “Vision 2030” programme for a post-oil era stems partly from an economic motive to boost domestic spending on entertainment as the kingdom reels from an energy slump.
‘Today, things have changed’
Noura Bakharji, another Jeddah resident, said she always felt bitter when her brothers came back from stadiums to tell her about the excitement of watching football matches in person.
“I always watched games on TV while my brothers went to the stadiums… I asked myself repeatedly ‘Why I can’t go?’” she told AFP.
“Today, things have changed. It’s a day of happiness and joy.”
Hours before the game, Saudi clubs were encouraging women to attend through tweets on social media.
Some clubs are offering special abayas — traditional head-to-toe robes for Saudi women — in team colours.
State-owned Saudi Airlines announced prizes of free tickets for five families who want to travel between cities to watch games.
And a spokeswoman for the Saudi embassy in the United States tweeted her delight at the development.
“This is more than women’s rights: today’s match between Al-Ahli and Al-Batin, and the ones to follow, are opportunities for families to come together and enjoy KSA’s national sport — soccer!” Fatimah Baeshen wrote on Twitter.
“I’m rooting for the ladies — enjoy!”